ADVANTAGES

Aristotle’s influence is difficult to overestimate. Afterhis death, his school, the Lyceum, carried on for some period of time,though precisely how long is unclear. In the century immediatelyafter his death, Aristotle’s works seem to have fallen out ofcirculation; they reappear in the first century B.C.E., after which timethey began to be disseminated, at first narrowly, but then much morebroadly. They eventually came to form the backbone of some sevencenturies of philosophy, in the form of the , much of it original philosophy carried on ina broadly Aristotelian framework. They also played a verysignificant, if subordinate role, in the Neoplatonic philosophy of and . Thereafter, from the sixth through the twelfth centuries, although thebulk of Aristotle’s writings were lost to the West, they receivedextensive consideration in , and in Arabic Philosophy, where Aristotle was soprominent that be became known simply as The First Teacher (seethe entry on the ). In this tradition, the notably rigorous and illuminating commentaries ofAvicenna and Averroes interpreted and developed Aristotle’s viewsin striking ways. These commentaries in turn proved exceedinglyinfluential in the earliest reception of the Aristotelian corpus intothe Latin West in the twelfth century.

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