ADVANTAGES

We should not conclude, however, that Hallowell's elite families were abandoning traditional delivery en masse. Whether status is determined by position on the tax list, by education, or by election to public office, Hallowell's "elite" were as likely as ordinary families to employ Martha Ballard. To the end of the century she performed two-thirds of the deliveries in the town, whether the babies were the children or grandchildren of public officials and merchants or of ordinary timbermen and farmers. Ten of the twelve wealthiest men on the tax list for 1790 are known to have had children or grandchildren born before 1800. Martha performed deliveries for eight. Of twenty-five men who held town, county, or state office between 1785 and 1796, nineteen are known to have had children or grandchildren born before 1800 She performed deliveries for fourteen. The exceptions are predictable. In addition to Colonel North and his son-in-law James Bridges, they include Daniel Cony, who delivered his own children, and Beriah Ingraham, whose wife or mother ("Old Lady lngraham") was a midwife.

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