Following the 1956 Arab-Israeli war, a new type of peacekeeping force came into being with the United Nations Emergency Force (UNEF). Unlike the unarmed observers of UNTSO, lightly armed UNEF forces were placed between Egyptian and Israeli forces to act as a buffer – with the agreement of the belligerents. UNEF forces remained in place until hostilities once again broke out in 1967. Following yet another round of hostilities in 1974, UNEF was re-established (sometimes referred to as UNEF-2 or UNEF-ME) to once again place a UN buffer force between Israeli and Egyptian forces. Around the same time, another UN observer force, the United Nations Disengagement Observer Force (UNDOF) was put in place on the Golan Heights to act as observers of the cease fire between Israel and Syria. UNDOF observers are still working today.


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