The notion of a collapse between the real and the apparent issuggested in Nietzsche's first book, The Birth of Tragedy(Nietzsche 1872), where he presents Greek tragedy as a synthesis ofnatural art impulses represented by the gods Apollo andDionysus. Where Apollo is the god of beautiful forms and images,Dionysus is the god of frenzy and intoxication, under whose sway thespell of individuated existence is broken in a moment ofundifferentiated oneness with nature. While tragic art islife-affirming in joining these two impulses, logic and science arebuilt upon Apollonian representations that have become frozen andlifeless. Hence, Nietzsche believes only a return of the Dionysian artimpulse can save modern society from sterility and nihilism. Thisinterpretation presages postmodern concepts of art and representation,and also anticipates postmodernists' fascination with the prospect ofa revolutionary moment auguring a new, anarchic sense ofcommunity.


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