The Mexican system began to change after the 1968 Army massacre of students at Tlatelolco. Many Mexicans gradually began to become disaffected from the Institutional Revolutionary Party during the 1970s and 80s. The 1985 earthquake in Mexico City was another turning point, as many people organized rescue and relief efforts independently of the party. Some speak of that moment as the birth of Mexico's modern "civil society." The Mayan Indian uprising of January 1994, led by the Zapatista Army of National Liberation, also created a political crisis for the PRI, since it called into question the government's economic and social policies. President Ernesto Zedillo's devaluation of the peso in December of 1994 made 1995 and 1996 the worst years of economic crisis for Mexico since the 1920s and further undermined support for the ruling party.


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