Magna Carta: Cornerstone of the U.S. Constitution

ADVANTAGES


France in the late renaissance to the early modern era is a prime example of absolutism
The kings in that time period had unlimited power because he nobles power was taken away over time
France
King John
King John had an immense impact on the future of the British Empire.
King John is one of the more controversial monarchs of Medieval England.
Medieval England was under his rule from 1119 to 1215.
John, the youngest of five sons of King Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine, was at first not expected to inherit significant lands.
King John was an unfavorable ruler who abused his power and took advantage of the peasants as well as the nobles.
King Louis XI
King Louis XI laid down the foundation for absolutism in France
Born in 1423 in Bourges, France
hated his father and planned to murder and take the throne from him
Was banished from France but came back to rule and had great power
King John and His Barons
In 1206 King John lost Normandy, Anjou, and parts of Maine to France during war.
These failures damaged his reputation and image.
King John was determined to win back the land he lost, but in order to win wars money was needed.
He increased tax rates, stole peoples land, and exploited the rights of his people even his nobles.
King John and His Barons
In 1209, John had been excommunicated in a dispute over the appointment of the Archbishop of Canterbury.
He used his excommunication as an excuse to confiscate church property and sell it to his bishops for profit.
The Barons of England were very displeased with King John because he was a bad ruler and a tyrant.
King John's Barons are displeased with him.
A detailed portrait of King John.
Revolt
All of England's problems were blamed on John.
The powerful Barons of England started a rebellion against King John on the 3rd of May in 1215.
Almost all of England, even the pope was against King John.
King John, in fear of being violently overthrown, agreed to negotiate with the Barons.
The Magna Carta
John was forced to sign the Magna Carta at Runnymede in 1215.

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