I earlier raised the problem that if the religiosity variables are themselves relatedto the three different levels of fundamentalism, then Religiosity and Fundamentalism areconfounded. The three groups may differ in optimism because they differ in the structuralaspects of their religion, or because they differ in what I have called religiosity, orsome combination of both. It is a characteristic of non-experimental research such as thisthat such questions cannot be answered unequivocally. There is, however, a way to get ahandle on the contribution of Fundamentalism over and above Religiosity. This isaccomplished by adding predictors associated with the different levels of Fundamentalismto the equation after having considered Religiosity.


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