Politicians in several European countries recently declared that "multiculturalism has failed," emphasizing immigration as the cause of contemporary social and political conflict and denying the historical role of migration on the European continent. However, from Teutonic and Slavic settlement migration in the first 10 centuries to recent guest worker programs and immigration from former colonies, encounters between different cultures, religions, and forms of social organization have been a staple of European societies' development and contributed to producing the continent's geopolitical map as we know it today. In this course we trace significant mass movements of people in Europe and the historical and political repercussions of these migrations to try to understand why some migrations are remembered and others are not. We also study how notions of "otherness" and "diversity" have come to be central points of contention within current discourses in Europe. Primary sources, autobiographical narratives, scholarly analyses and a range of visual material including maps are the basis for class lectures and individual and group work assignments in this course. This course is restricted to and required of participants in the International Leadership program.


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