Thus, Descartes had arrived at a philosophy ofdualism, which held that God created two kinds of fundamental reality. One was substance, the mind / soul - a single,indivisible, spiritual substance - with subjective experience; and the other - substance - everything outsideof the mind. Consciousness constitutesthe very nature of the mind: It must bepresent in order for the mind to exist. Extension in length, breadth, and depth is the very nature of body. This was his basic metaphysics. Most people have a view that we have both amind and a body which areeven though they are ordinarily tied together () in life, and that after death a mind may continue toexist. Most of us to believe that we are morethan just a physicalsubstance. I.e. that we do have a soul, which makes usdifferent from a stool or a pig.


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