Social, Ethical, and Legal Issues
Commercialization of products including property rights (patents, copyrights, and trade secrets) and accessibility of data and materials
Who owns genes and other pieces of DNA?
Will patenting DNA sequences limit their accessibility and development into useful products?
Privacy and confidentiality
Who owns and controls genetic info?
Fairness in its use
Who should have access to your genome?
Why should you care?
Knowledge genomes have/will help scientists to address many medical, energy, environmental, forensic, and breeding unknowns
Should testing be performed when no treatment is available?
14 days 3.4.2018 $12/page
10 days 30.3.2018 $13/page
7 days 27.3.2018 $14/page
5 days 25.3.2018 $15/page
3 days 23.3.2018 $16/page
48 hours 22.3.2018 $19/page
24 hours 21.3.2018 $24/page
8 hours 20.3.2018 $27/page
- 14 days 3.4.2018 $15/page
10 days 30.3.2018 $16/page
7 days 27.3.2018 $17/page
5 days 25.3.2018 $18/page
3 days 23.3.2018 $19/page
48 hours 22.3.2018 $22/page
24 hours 21.3.2018 $27/page
8 hours 20.3.2018 $33/page
- 14 days 3.4.2018 $18/page
10 days 30.3.2018 $19/page
7 days 27.3.2018 $20/page
5 days 25.3.2018 $21/page
3 days 23.3.2018 $22/page
48 hours 22.3.2018 $25/page
24 hours 21.3.2018 $28/page
8 hours 20.3.2018 $38/page
- 14 days 3.4.2018 $21/page
10 days 30.3.2018 $22/page
7 days 27.3.2018 $25/page
5 days 25.3.2018 $27/page
3 days 23.3.2018 $30/page
48 hours 22.3.2018 $33/page
24 hours 21.3.2018 $39/page
8 hours 20.3.2018 $47/page
- 14 days 3.4.2018 $27/page
10 days 30.3.2018 $28/page
7 days 27.3.2018 $30/page
5 days 25.3.2018 $33/page
3 days 23.3.2018 $35/page
48 hours 22.3.2018 $42/page
24 hours 21.3.2018 $50/page
American Gut Project - Human Food Project
- This project was a huge milestone for genetics, medicine, technology, and mankind.
The whole of our genes is known as "genome".
Some interesting Informatons
- Genes are not evenly distribuited over the DNA
- Only 1,2% of human genome, about 21.000 genes, makes up protein-coding regions
- Before the complete development of sequencing process, geneticists thought that coder-genes might be from 80.000 to 150.000.
00:23 to 01:04
The Cancer Genome Atlas - Wikipedia
Act of 2008
Protects people against discrimination based on their genetic information when it comes to health insurance and employment
But don't worry...
-Can not be underestimated because knowledge of an individual's own genome has implications for other members
-Gives people the tools to search for their family lineage and ancestry in databases
-Discovers information about family-find relatives who have been lost
-Allows individuals to understand their risk for disease
-Shows the likelihood of passing it to their future offspring
New drugs are more specific to exact diseases causing fewer side effects
use of healthy genes to replace or silence mutant genes
incorporation of genes that help with disease resistance (tumor suppressor gene)
A sequence of nucleotides (G,C,A,T) along a segment of DNA that has a particular location on a chromosomes
determines a specific characteristic in an organism
The identification of all genes present in our chromosomes and their location in them are based on two principal techniques: mapping and sequencing
A genetic marker is a gene or DNA sequence with a known location on a chromosome
Dna markers are used to make these processes simple and fast
Social, Ethical, and Legal Issues
- The overall goal of the scientific project was to read and interpret the full DNA sequence of humans, and map all the 20,000-25,000 genes that make up the human genome.
We Need to Talk About Human Genetic Engineering Before …