We "create proactive predictions and retroactive explanations to reduce uncertainty"
Uncertainty reduced when individuals make predictions about others' behavior
attributional confidence = inverse of uncertainty
Passive - reactivity search, social comparison, & disinhibition search
Active - asking others about the target and/or environment
Interactive - interrogation, self-disclosure, and deception detection
Theory Deviations Cultural similarity/dissimilarity can largely affect uncertainty reduction (original theory was intracultural)
Thibaut & Kelley (1959) - uncertainty is higher in intercultural/ethnic encounters
Gudykunst (1983) - people ask more questions when other person is more culturally dissimilar and self-disclose/predict easier when culture is more similar
The cultural aspect extends the generalizability of original theory
3 factors that affect intercultural communication (but not intracultural):
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Organizational Communication | Uncertainty Reduction Theory
If uncertainty levels are high, the amount of verbal communication between strangers will decrease.
Study # 1
Uncertainty Reduction Among Ethnicities in the United States
Uncertainty Reduction Theory by Rachel Alvey on Prezi
African- American, Asian American, Hispanic American and Euro-American ethnic groups.
4 parameter of the questionnaire (a) self- disclosure, (b) interrogation, (c) nonverbal, and (d) other-disclosure.
Stages of Interaction
Motivation for Interaction
Reasons are required to Communicate.
The following are the reasons:
Deviation: Unlikeliness/Deviation attracts us
Anticipation of Future Interaction: Desire to meet again
Incentive: If communication brings a reward
A high level of uncertainty in interaction that no one wants to reduce.
Some theorems are illogical, and thus does not make since....some theorems are flawed creating weaknesses on the theory itself.
Axioms: Through Verbal Communication, Non-verbal warmth, Seeking Information, Intimacy, Reciprocity, similarities, liking, and shared networks.
Theorems are from the 8 axioms.
Ex: "The more you like people, the less you seek information about them"
The individuals are primarily concerned with Uncertainty reduction theory, during initial interaction.
Self explanatory theory/ Easy to understand
It is very helpful to predict the initial interaction among strangers, it helped identify their motives by looking at their strategy and their initiation toward communication.
Results of Study 1
African Americans had a higher self-disclosure and other disclosures in comparison
Hispanic Americans perceived to have more self disclosure than Asian Americans
Self disclosure had a pan cultural positive effect
Understanding the Role of Uncertainty in Jealousy Experience and Expression
Uncertainty Reduction Theory by Mitch Campbell on Prezi
Specifically, the existing research of uncertainty reduction theory done by Berger and Calabrese provided the framework for Gudykunst to take the next steps.
Uncertainty Reduction Theory Flashcards | Quizlet
1st study - 155 students, and 2nd study - 41 students.
Questionnaire parameters measuring relationship stage, relational state uncertainty, jealousy experience, jealousy expression, relational satisfaction, and closeness.
Results of Study #2
Uncertainty should play a key role in our understanding of jealousy in romantic relationships.
High uncertainty levels in relationships are likely to lead to more indirect searches for information, as compared to low levels of uncertainty.
Finally, the result emphasizes on the role of changing uncertainty levels in relationship development and shows the implications of such changes for communication behavior in the relationships.
Psychology, Sociology, and Behaviourism
Cognitive Dissonance theory,
Social Comparison theory, Heiders Balance Theory
It can be applied to diverse population.
Explains a fundamental behavioral pattern: communication
Mitchell Campbell, Charmaine Sur,
Pushkala Aripaka, Abhilasha Guha, Daniel Hernandez
Uncertainty Reduction Theory | LinkedIn
Attitude similarity & interpersonal attraction are positively correlated Study #2 Strengths:
Pre-determined scales measure variables
Fairly equal and varied sample (culturally and in terms of gender)
Covers all aspects of uncertainty reduction
Culturally centric to the United States
Tests only college students
Questionnaire answers potentially biased
All measurements/answers usually based on perception of participants Strengths/Weaknesses Uncertainty Reduction Among Ethnicities in the United States
2017 | Uncertainty Reduction Theory SRJC - YouTube
Previous experience with other culture
7 Constructs Scope: Intercultural
Testability: Can interview/use questionnaires, but variables are typically perceived
Logical Consistency: Logical...
Useful: Explains a behavior, but it doesn't necessarily make a huge difference
Heurism: Not really a new theory, just added a component to an existing idea
Test of Time: Yes A Model of Uncertainty Reduction in Intercultural Encounters