The grassroots campaign tied in with a "grasstops" strategy that mobilized former high-ranking government officials to argue China's case. "Increasingly, many of our most distinguished and, in theory, disinterested, experts on US China policy are selling their reputations and knowledge to clients with very particular business interests in China," noted the March 10, 1997 . "Almost every prominent former government official who speaks out on this subject has direct or indirect financial ties to China. Most of them are Republicans, because a Republican administration first re-established ties with China in 1972, and because Republicans controlled the White House for most of the next twenty years. Besides [Henry] Kissinger and [Lawrence] Eagleburger, they include: former Secretaries of State Alexander Haig and George Shultz, former Secretary of Defense Dick Cheney, former National Security Adviser Brent Scowcroft, former US Trade Representatives Carla Hills and Bill Brock, and former Senate Majority Leader Howard Baker. But Democrats have also gotten in on the China game. Besides Vance, there is, for example, former Secretaries of State Edmund Muskie and Warren Christopher, former Ambassador to China Leonard Woodcock, former US Trade Representative Robert Strauss and former Senator Gary Hart."


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