ADVANTAGES

In an essay entitled "The Problem before the Peacemakers", Professor C.K. Webster argues that the political leaders in 1918 had neither unlimited time and authority, nor blank sheet on which to draft their treaty. Before the end of the war people enthusiastically accepted the "Fourteen Points," but after it, they passionately wanted a culprit for their sufferings, they wanted security, the Rhineland, Adriatic, more colonies and territories. C.K. Webster says that the statesmen were not able make treaty of peace in a "detached and scientific spirit, with their eyes in the future." They were pressured not only by the immediate problems of the war-torn world, but also by the illusion that a hastily elaborated peace is enough to bring the pre-war prosperity. The rapid industrialization and state propaganda in the last fifty years before the war had taught people to have higher expectations and wrong feelings to their neighbours. What was the hope for a successful peace settlement in a world which economy was still functioning on the pillars of the nineteen-century wisdom, composed by states breathing nationalism that did not correspond at all to the progressive spirit of the League of Nations? The world did not have the political maturity that cultivates the will for compromise and peace.

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